Trophy hunters can legally kill captive-bred lions in South Africa, where there are more captive-bred lions than wild ones. In a recent year 174 lion-breeding ranches operated in the country, with a combined stock of more than 3,500 lions. These captive-bred animals are released into fenced areas on private ranches for hunting by wealthy tourists. Although trophy hunting is controversial, proponents argue that the practice reduces the number of wild lions being hunted and that it can benefit communities by providing much needed revenue. In the United States, many conservation organizations have petitioned to have the African lion listed under the Endangered Species Act. If that occurs, hunters would not be allowed to bring their lion trophies into the .